The beauty of the Indian state Odisha is known around the globe and people love to visit this region for tourism. Along with the outstanding natural beautiful destinations here at this geo-location, many other iconic things are present to explore. Most importantly the art, culture, and history of Odisha engaged tourist and provide great pleasure. During past eras, many powerful kings and emperor ruled over this land and created their glorious history those are engraved in golden letters.
The current Odisha was named as different names such as Utkal, Kalinga, Mahakantara, Orda, Oddiyana etc. in past eras. Odisha begins human history in the state in the Lower Paleolithic era; in various locations of the state the Acheulian tools dating to the period have been discovered. Different dynasty such as Mahameghavahana dynasty, Eastern Ganga Dynasty, Gajapati Dynasty, Bhoi Dynasty and much more ruled over Odisha and decorated this history with jewels.
Great king Kharavela the third ruler of Mahameghavahana dynasty in Kalinga in the 1st century BCE, during the 13th regnal year he takes the glory of this kingdom up to maximum extent. Kharavela begins his rule with repairing the gates and ramparts of his capital Kalinganagari, then focus on people’s wealth of his kingdom grew the army and increase the reputation of this kingdom. He also provided importance for art and culture. Most of the information about Kharavela are engraved in the Hathigumpha inscription in Udayagiri near Bhubaneswar.
During the ruling period of Eastern Ganga Dynasty many beautiful temples and places are created by great kings, most important temples made by these rulers are Jagannath temple Puri, Sun Temple Konark etc. also there are many other beautiful temples are created by them.
From the year 1600 to 1803 the period is considered as the Colonial era in Odisha. The Portuguese were the first Europeans people those come to Odisha to build factories and start the business here. Mostly the British and other Europeans focus on the trade of cotton goods in Odisha along with that the beautiful handcrafted art pieces.
The state Odisha was granted the status of a separate province in the year 1936 on 1 April. This day was celebrated as Odisha Day or Utkala Dibasa in all over the state. Initially, these are only 6 districts named as Cuttack, Puri, Balasore, Ganjam, Koraput, and Sambalpur but now these are 30.